In the Archaic period South -east Sicily witnessed the hegemonic expansion of Syracuse through the foundation of new settlements, ending in 599 B.C. with the establishment of Kamarina. The Greek town, located at the mouth of the river Hypparis, was an agricultural land with a useful river port that provided great commercial opportunities with the increase in trade following the Greek movement westward, while keeping Gela from encroaching eastward increased Syracuse’s security. Kamarina was destroyed many times, often with a subsequent re-foundation soon after, until the final destruction in 278 B.C. cause of the Roman’s attacks. Its archeological museum, built on the ruins of the Temple of Athena still visible inside, includes a large number of amphoraes in different styles. There is an exhibition of archeological findings coming from shipwrecks, funerary urns and domestic pottery. Explore the area where there was the polis and walk through the agora, passing over the remains of the Greek houses in a picturesque landscape, until the necropolis of Rifriscolaro and Passo Marinaro. The archeological site of Kamarina will give you a real window into what Greek life must have been like: you’ll breath the air of the Greek times.

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